Pregnancy is a beautiful phase in every women’s life because it is a blessing. It is that time when each and every family member looks forward to having the first glimpse of the baby. At the same time, expecting a mother is suggested with a lot of physical and mental health advice.

There are many test and diagnosis conducted when you are expecting. All these tests ensure you are delivering a happy, healthy and disorder free baby. The mid-pregnancy scan gives a close look at your baby via the womb. Seeing your baby on the computer screen can be overwhelming, have you ever heard about the TIFFA scan?

What is TIFFA Scan?

TIFFA scan is a crucial test that is conducted to get images of fetal movement and development. It is also known as a fetal anomaly scan. TIFFA Scan stands for Targeted Imaging for Fetal Anomalies, it is the ultrasound level II scan which is carried in the second trimester.

The main objective of the anomaly scan is to ensure the proper development of your baby and also, to examine the position of the placenta. The TIFFA scan image not only shows how the baby is developing inside the womb of the mother but also ensures the proper position of the placenta.

The Need for TIFFA Scan:

By the beginning of the second trimester, most of the fetus’s vital organs are developed, an anomaly scan at this point is conducted to detect internal and external disorders if any. A TIFFA scan is helpful to detect the issue so that necessary precautions can be taken.

Your doctor will check and take necessary measurements of all your baby’s organs at an early stage. The scan ensures:

  • Proper development and movement of the fetus.
  • Proper development of the baby’s internal organs.
  • find out if your baby has any birth problems
  • Examine the blood flow of the uterus.



Importance of TIFFA Scan:

TIFFA scan is conducted during 2nd trimester as this scan helps to detect any congenital abnormalities and issues in the growing baby. TIFFA scan examines the internal and external anatomy of the growing baby. This scan helps to identify and rule out the chances of chromosomal abnormalities and any genetic syndrome as early as possible.

TIFFA scan helps to identify congenital anomalies that are both structural and functional abnormalities. That includes metabolic disorders, hearing defects, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, Down syndrome, etc.

Is TIFFA Scan Mandatory For All Pregnant Women?

This test is a must for pregnant women who have a history of higher risk pregnancy or infection due to certain drugs. A TIFFA scan should be conducted on all the expecting mothers even if they are in the low-risk category. In fact, the TIFFA scan has helped to detect fetal anomalies even in low-risk pregnancies.


When TIFFA should be performed?

TIFFA scan is conducted during the second trimester i.e. between 18-23 weeks of pregnancy. It is an ultrasound that helps to identify congenital abnormities in the fetus. TIFFA is a detailed scanning and examination procedure of a growing fetus to rule out all forms of abnormities. It can be either 3 dimensional or 4-dimensional scan. TIFFA scan is usually done in a high precision lab, to get a clear scan report.

Important Parameters Measured in TIFFA scan:

  1. Shows how the baby is growing by checking the fetal movements.
  2. Detects of birth defects and development of the internal organs
  3. Estimates amniotic fluid volume
  4. Visualizes position of the placenta and umbilical cord
  5. Detects chromosomal abnormalities
  6. Checks cervix and dilation of the birth canal
  7. Estimates fetal weight
  8. Fetal cardiac activities

TIFFA Scan Cost:

TIFFA scan is usually carried out in a high precision lab, the cost varies a little based on the facilities you opt for. The average TIFFA scan cost in India is usually between INR 2500 to INR 3500.


How to Prepare for TIFFA Scan?

TIFFA scan is similar to the first-trimester scan but you do need to have a full bladder for this anomaly scan. This is because the baby is grown big enough to been seen clearly during the scan process.

Your tummy will be exposed for the scan, it is advisable to wear two-piece cloth for the TIFFA scan. The ultrasound doctor will access your fully grown tummy and complete the scan procedure.

How TIFFA Scan is done?

As said earlier, the TIFFA scan is similar to the regular scan. The ultrasound doctor usually applies a cold gel on your exposed tummy and the transducer is moved on the tummy to get a clear image of the baby. During TIFFA the doctor usually tries to get multiple views of the baby from direct angles that include head to toe to get maximum information.

During the TIFFA scan, the sound waves are send from the transducer which helps you to see the images of the baby’s organs and vital features on the computer screen. The doctor usually points the baby’s organs like face, hands while having a detailed analysis. During the 3D or 4D scan, you would be able to see a good image of your baby’s face.

Time Duration of TIFFA Scan:

Many hospitals and diagnostic centres need about 25-35 minutes to carry out the TIFFA scan.

What anomalies can be identified in a TIFFA Scan?

During the TIFFA scan, ultrasound doctors scan the baby from head to toe. They usually identify both internal and external anomalies during the scan. Some conditions are treatable after the baby is born. There is rarely some condition that can turn out to be fatal.

If the condition is treatable, the doctor will intimate you with advice regarding the right care and diagnosis as soon as you deliver the baby. The conditions like cardiac defects and bowel issues cannot be found until the later stage of pregnancy.

What if Some Issue is detected during TIFFA Scan?

If the ultrasound doctor finds an issue during the scan, it will be informed to you via your gynecologist. Based on the problem, the doctor will guide you with the right advice and health care suggestions.

Avoid any sort of panicking, it will make your pregnancy more complicated. Discuss the issue with the doctors, they will help you through the next procedures. There are some scenarios where the baby might need treatment or surgery after birth or when it is in the womb.

The serious problems are usually rare, in the worst-case scenario, some families might need to take the roughest decision i.e. whether to continue or not with the pregnancy.

TIFFA scan is a part of routine prenatal care and is a normal diagnosis. TIFFA scan is a crucial diagnosis that provides the best possible assessment of the health of the fetus inside the womb. Moreover, the TIFFA scan provides you with an opportunity to see a clear scan picture of the baby along with the fetal movement.

Is a TIFFA scan painful?

TIFFA scan does not hurt at all however a slight pressure might be applied to get the best views of the baby

Are you Pregnant? Come along. Let us explore the world of Pregnancy week by week by looking at fetal development, moods & symptoms with do’s and don’ts and pregnancy-related frequently asked questions.

About Hema Gayatri

I am Hema, HR turned full-time blogger based in Bangalore. I prefer to observe and analyze the real world and blog about my learnings. As a parent, I always look for the best possible ways and hacks to make parenting easy.

View All Posts